Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory infections that significantly damage the supporting structures surrounding the teeth which include the gums (gingiva), periodontal ligaments, and the alveolar bone. These infections are predominantly caused by the bacteria that grow in a film called dental plaque which sticks on the tooth surfaces next to the gums.
There are several types of periodontal diseases. They range from simple gum inflammations to severely damaging progressive diseases which ultimately lead to tooth loss. The most prevalent types of periodontal diseases include:
- Gingivitis- the mildest and most common form of periodontal disease with characteristically red, swollen gums which bleed easily.
- Chronic Periodontitis – When left untreated, gingivitis advances into chronic periodontitis, a disease which is characterized by the presence of plaque filled spaces of perio pockets, detached ginigiva and significantly damaged tooth supporting structures.
Patients can be genetically pre-disposed to periodontal diseases, or they can be manifestations or symptoms of other medical conditions.
According to the World Health Organization, periodontal diseases contribute considerably to the global burden of oral disease. 10 to 15% of the entire adult population of the world suffers from the most extreme form of periodontal disease.
There are a variety of treatments for periodontal or gum diseases depending on the severity, stage and progression of the disease, the patient’s immune response and overall health.
Bright White Dental Centre provides a range of periodontal therapies for the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases. These periodontal therapies range from non-invasive and non-surgical which help manage the bacterial growth and progression of the disease itself, to surgical which helps to restore healthy functionality of the teeth.
Types of periodontal therapy
Non-surgical periodontal therapy is the first-line of defense against bacterial periodontal disease. This usually involves the use of a unique ultrasonic cleaning device to remove plaque and calculus or tartar in a process called Scaling and Root Planing.
If periodontal or gum disease is caught and treated at an early stage, then scaling and root planing might be the only form of treatment a patient requires, however, for the effects of the treatment to be lasting, as with any dental procedure, after-care is imperative. If a patient fails to brush and floss on a daily basis, eat a healthy diet and undergo regular dental checkups it is very likely that the patient may re-develop periodontal disease.
The non-surgical periodontal therapies offered at Bright White Dental Centre include:
- Scaling and Root Planing
- Direct delivery of localized antibiotics to the gum line
- Chemotherapeutic irrigation where antibacterial or antimicrobial solution is used to wash out the infected area (often performed in conjunction with scaling and root planning)
- Supportive periodontal maintenance
- Periodontal appliances ( night-guard or bite-guard)
In cases where periodontal disease has progressed drastically and has damaged the tissue and surround bone of the teeth to an extent where non-surgical periodontal therapies are no-longer useful, the experts at Bright White Dental Centre, after a thorough assessment, recommend the surgical procedure best suited for the patients needs.
Some of the commonly performed types of periodontal surgical procedures include:
- Pocket Depth Reduction Surgery – a procedure in which the gums are lifted out of the way and tartar removed.
- Guided Tissue Generation Therapy – a procedure which involves the stimulation of bone and gingival tissue for re-growth
- Soft Tissue Grafts – a procedure which reinforced the thin gingival tissues where grafted tissue is stitched in place to cushion the affected areas
- Bone Grafting Surgery- a procedure where fragmented bone is added in preparation for dental implants
- Crown Lengthening- A procedure which involves the re-contouring of gingival tissue in order to provide more tooth surface.
There are several warning signs that are indicative of periodontal diseases. They include:
- Bleeding gums while brushing
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Gum which have pulled away from the teeth
- Loose or separating permanent teeth
Sometimes even the people with pristine oral hygiene tend to develop periodontal diseases and it is quite possible to have periodontal disease with no warning signs at all. We, at Bright White Dental Centre recommend to all patients to have regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations. If you have not paid a visit to your dentist in more than three months, we suggest you to schedule an appointment today.